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Research

The SELECT centers 8 main research areas focused in energy, economic, and environmental impact analysis are electric machines, power electronics, enery storage, charging infrastructure grid integration trnasportation infrastructure, mobility and autonomy, and cyber physical security. All of these elements work together to create a sustainable electrified transportation

Electric Machines

Design of Wound Rotor Synchronous Machines

Design of Wound Rotor Synchronous Machines

In this research, funded by Kohler, a focus is to develop design codes that enable engineers to reduce the cost while maximizing the power output of electric generators, including their excitation systems. developing efficient numerical tools was done to enable rigorous comparison of designs. The developed numerical tools have included custom magnetic equivalent circuits (MEC) as well as method of moment solutions to low frequency electromagnetic problems.


PMSM radial cross section chart. x-axis shows thickness from 0 to 0.1. y-axis shows the E content from 0-0.1

Multi-Objective Design Optimization

In this project funded by the Department of Energy, with regard to the design approach, the team is structuring design codes to enable multi-physics multi-objective optimization that incorporates an integrated electrical, magnetic, thermal, and structural analysis. The performance objectives include minimization of cost, size, and loss subject to all design constraints being satisfied. The team will consider designs of the traditional machine topologies as a baseline and then consider alternatives that have shown significant promise – either in their ability to increase torque density, or their ability to reduce cost.



Power Electronic

large 2nd life battery in the lab

Grid Energy Storage and 2nd Life Lithium Batteries

Utah State University focuses on the design and development of a new innovative power electronics topology based on tiered modular plug-n-play DC-DC power converter matrix with series isolated output connections to achieve fully independent control of energy flow to each of the connected battery modules at low voltage. The project also enhances model based life-cycle control and balancing technology to converge the state of health (SOH) of each battery module to uniformity while collectively providing grid energy storage services. USU also works with University of California San Diego (project lead) and Colorado State University on the techno-economic analysis and tech-to-market pathway analysis.

Wireless extreme fast charging. Components of the truck: antenna, MVI, secondary control, secondary pad, secondary power electronics, truck with cummins power train, fast charge compatible battery pack. Schneider MV to DC power supply: primary pad, primary electronics, cooling unit, antenna.

WAVE XFC

The WXFC project in on the analysis, design and development of the direct medium voltage (MV) grid-tied ac-dc converter in the WXFC-Trucks project. The ac-dc converter directly connects to the MV ac grid at its input side and provides a regulated dc output voltage to the inverter of the wireless charger. The proposed modular design approach for the ac-dc converter allows it to work with higher medium voltage grid connection with minimal design modification. Utah State University worked closely with Schneider Electric on the system level design, UL requirements, thermal management, system mechanical layout, test plans, industrialization and marketing. Project partners include Cummins, Port of LA, and TTSI with WAVE IPT as the lead.

in between the asphalt and base material of the road is the charging coil, heat sources, electronics, 2-phase cooler, heat spreader, and concrete module.

Thermal IPP

This project is supporting efforts to overcome issues of thermal management and structural reliability for embedding wireless charging systems in the roadway. This project will produce a demonstration of the designed system at the USU Electric Vehicle and Test Track Research Facility and lead the way towards charge as you drive capabilities for electric vehicles.

GearUP race car

GearUP

Gear Up (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) is a Green power funded college access and readiness program administered by Utah State University that partners with local secondary schools and early college students to prepare for success at the college level. Gear Up’s objectives are to advance education in the subjects of sustainable engineering and technology, support the teaching and learning of the STEM subjects, and provide students and teachers with access to industry leading technology.

Utah State University designed and developed the digital control firmware for a Low Voltage Power Supply (LVPS) and Wireless Power Transfer System as well as built and tested a prototype version

Series Resonant Converter Prototype

Utah State University designed and developed the digital control firmware for a Low Voltage Power Supply (LVPS) and Wireless Power Transfer System as well as built and tested a prototype version. The USU team also performed analysis, design and testing on the active clamp circuit with adaptive control. The project includes system-level analysis with Constant Current (CC) and Constant Voltage (CV) distribution including the cable impedance and an analytical investigation of stability of a system including multiple power converters connected in series or parallel to a regulated CC or CV source provided by a common cable utilizing single or two wire conductor topologies. The project is collaborative with Raytheon engineers.

EVR Blue Sky Solar Array

EVR Blue Sky Solar Array

As part of the Sustainable Transportation Energy Plan (STEP), Rocky Mountain Power (RMP) and Utah State University established a strategic collaboration investigating the capabilities of smart inverters and their positive and negative impacts for the RMP’s electric distribution system.

the BMS Sub-module DC-DCs and battery cells in battery module chemistry one and battery module chemistry 2 link to plug and play DC bus. that connects to the DC solar, AC generator, bidirectional inverter, and AC loads

Robust Plug-and-play Expeditionary Battery System

Funded by the Office of Naval Research USU, UCB, UCCS, National Renewable Energy Lab, and Hybrid Design Systems developed a robust plug-and-play expeditionary battery system with cell-level control. The approach was demonstrated two battery modules with different chemistries. Hardware options are included to build militarized battery modules (at TRL 6) and to improve DC-DC efficiency to greater than 97% using wide bandgap (GaN) technology. additional options can lead to significant performance enhancements through software upgrades, including physics-based models for an additional chemistry (LFP), advanced cell diagnostics and remaining life prediction, and enhanced safety and operational range.

Rocky Mountain Power microgrid

Rocky Mountain Power microgrid

With increasing distributed energy resources interconnecting to the grid, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP) expects light industrial and commercial customers will install microgrids to optimize energy costs and create the ability to isolate themselves from the grid during power outages or events to improve reliability. The purpose of the microgrid project is to demonstrate the feasibility of operating a microgrid and its effectiveness in improving reliability, while also assessing the gap between microgrid system costs and existing value streams. This project will help understand system impacts to inform RMP policy and standards for use in anticipated requests from customers to operate as a microgrid.

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC: A Software/Hardware-Security Co-Design Approach

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC

In a DOE VTO funded project led by Virginia Tech and including Utah State University, Georgia Tech, ChargePoint, Ford, and Commonwealth Edison, the team is designing a cyber-physical security-hardened AC-DC super-fast charger and battery management systems including DC-DC converters that are capable of resisting false data and false actuation attacks by leveraging redundancy, diversity, and watermarking. The Utah State University and Virginia Tech partners are also collaborating on the cyber-physical security modeling of the AC-DC and DC-DC converters that can be extended to other application scenarios.

WPT validation testing

WPT validation testing

On behalf of the funding automotive OEM, this project investigates development of the controls for a 30kW in-motion wireless charging system to understand the synchronization and communication requirements to implement a high-speed in-motion charging system. The final hardware will be tested with a retrofitted EV receiving power dynamically on the ¼ mile test track at the USU EVR facility with speeds of up to 30mph (50kph).

Long-Range Heavy-Duty Battery-Electric Vehicle with Megawatt Wireless Charging

Heavy-Duty Vehicles with Wireless Charging

This project shows the feasibility of operating a Class-8 long-range battery-electric tractor-trailer (LRBET) in daily commercial operations of 400 miles per day in two shifts covering intercity and regional freight hauling. This increase in efficiency and productivity over current battery-electric trucks is achieved through: customization to support a battery pack capable of completing a 340-mile round trip with a rapid charge midway, megawatt wireless charging solutions to achieve sufficient charge rate, Demonstrate the operational viability of LRBETs in regional-haul commercial operations by showing that the equipment can meet the mileage objectives with little to no impact on productivity compared to conventional diesel powertrains.

Energy Storage

2nd life battery in the lab

Grid Energy Storage and 2nd Life Lithium Batteries

Utah State University focuses on the design and development of a new innovative power electronics topology based on tiered modular plug-n-play DC-DC power converter matrix with series isolated output connections to achieve fully independent control of energy flow to each of the connected battery modules at low voltage. The project also enhances model based life-cycle control and balancing technology to converge the state of health (SOH) of each battery module to uniformity while collectively providing grid energy storage services. USU also works with University of California San Diego (project lead) and Colorado State University on the techno-economic analysis and tech-to-market pathway analysis.

the BMS Sub-module DC-DCs and battery cells in battery module chemistry one and battery module chemistry 2 link to plug and play DC bus. that connects to the DC solar, AC generator, bidirectional inverter, and AC loads

Robust Plug-and-Play Expeditionary Battery System

Funded by the Office of Naval Research USU, UCB, UCCS, National Renewable Energy Lab, and Hybrid Design Systems developed a robust plug-and-play expeditionary battery system with cell-level control. The approach was demonstrated two battery modules with different chemistries. Hardware options are included to build militarized battery modules (at TRL 6) and to improve DC-DC efficiency to greater than 97% using wide bandgap (GaN) technology. additional options can lead to significant performance enhancements through software upgrades, including physics-based models for an additional chemistry (LFP), advanced cell diagnostics and remaining life prediction, and enhanced safety and operational range.

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC: A Software/Hardware-Security Co-Design Approach

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC

In a DOE VTO funded project led by Virginia Tech and including Utah State University, Georgia Tech, ChargePoint, Ford, and Commonwealth Edison, the team is designing a cyber-physical security-hardened AC-DC super-fast charger and battery management systems including DC-DC converters that are capable of resisting false data and false actuation attacks by leveraging redundancy, diversity, and watermarking. The Utah State University and Virginia Tech partners are also collaborating on the cyber-physical security modeling of the AC-DC and DC-DC converters that can be extended to other application scenarios.

Charging Infrastructure

GearUP race car

GearUP

Gear Up (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) is a Green power funded college access and readiness program administered by Utah State University that partners with local secondary schools and early college students to prepare for success at the college level. Gear Up’s objectives are to advance education in the subjects of sustainable engineering and technology, support the teaching and learning of the STEM subjects, and provide students and teachers with access to industry leading technology.

Long-Range Heavy-Duty Battery-Electric Vehicle with Megawatt Wireless Charging

Heavy Duty Vehicles With Wireless Charging

This project shows the feasibility of operating a Class-8 long-range battery-electric tractor-trailer (LRBET) in daily commercial operations of 400 miles per day in two shifts covering intercity and regional freight hauling. This increase in efficiency and productivity over current battery-electric trucks is achieved through: customization to support a battery pack capable of completing a 340-mile round trip with a rapid charge midway, megawatt wireless charging solutions to achieve sufficient charge rate, Demonstrate the operational viability of LRBETs in regional-haul commercial operations by showing that the equipment can meet the mileage objectives with little to no impact on productivity compared to conventional diesel powertrains.

The BMS Sub-Module DC-DCs and Battery Cells in Battery Module chemistry one and battery module chemistry 2 link to plug and play DC bus. that connects to the DC solar, AC generator, bidirectional inverter, and AC loads

Robust Plug-and-Play Expeditionary Battery System

Funded by the Office of Naval Research USU, UCB, UCCS, National Renewable Energy Lab, and Hybrid Design Systems developed a robust plug-and-play expeditionary battery system with cell-level control. The approach was demonstrated two battery modules with different chemistries. Hardware options are included to build militarized battery modules (at TRL 6) and to improve DC-DC efficiency to greater than 97% using wide bandgap (GaN) technology. additional options can lead to significant performance enhancements through software upgrades, including physics-based models for an additional chemistry (LFP), advanced cell diagnostics and remaining life prediction, and enhanced safety and operational range.

Smart Power Roadway Pre-Pilot: Development of a 50kW in-motion wireless charging system

Smart Power Roadway Pre-Pilot

A team from USU, Purdue University, and University of Illinois is building and testing a 50kW in-motion wireless charging system to support in-motion charging of vehicles on highways. The study considers electrical aspects in order to develop a scalable system that is compatible with different vehicle classes, identifies the civil engineering challenges to develop a design that can be embedded within the pavement easily while minimizing structural impacts, and explores the thermal design challenges of the system. The team is collaborating with AECOM’s Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering teams to develop a charging solution that is suitable to embed directly into the pavement.

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC: A Software/Hardware-Security Co-Design Approach

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC

In a DOE VTO funded project led by Virginia Tech and including Utah State University, Georgia Tech, ChargePoint, Ford, and Commonwealth Edison, the team is designing a cyber-physical security-hardened AC-DC super-fast charger and battery management systems including DC-DC converters that are capable of resisting false data and false actuation attacks by leveraging redundancy, diversity, and watermarking. The Utah State University and Virginia Tech partners are also collaborating on the cyber-physical security modeling of the AC-DC and DC-DC converters that can be extended to other application scenarios.

WPT validation testing

WPT Validation Testing

On behalf of the funding automotive OEM, this project investigates development of the controls for a 30kW in-motion wireless charging system to understand the synchronization and communication requirements to implement a high-speed in-motion charging system. The final hardware will be tested with a retrofitted EV receiving power dynamically on the ¼ mile test track at the USU EVR facility with speeds of up to 30mph (50kph).

Grid Integration

EVR Blue Sky Solar Array

EVR Blue Sky Solar Array

As part of the Sustainable Transportation Energy Plan (STEP), Rocky Mountain Power (RMP) and Utah State University established a strategic collaboration investigating the capabilities of smart inverters and their positive and negative impacts for the RMP’s electric distribution system.

Rocky Mountain Power microgrid

Rocky Mountain Power Microgrid

With increasing distributed energy resources interconnecting to the grid, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP) expects light industrial and commercial customers will install microgrids to optimize energy costs and create the ability to isolate themselves from the grid during power outages or events to improve reliability. The purpose of the microgrid project is to demonstrate the feasibility of operating a microgrid and its effectiveness in improving reliability, while also assessing the gap between microgrid system costs and existing value streams. This project will help understand system impacts to inform RMP policy and standards for use in anticipated requests from customers to operate as a microgrid.

Smart Power Roadway Pre-Pilot: Development of a 50kW in-motion wireless charging system

Smart Power Roadway Pre-Pilot

A team from USU, Purdue University, and University of Illinois is building and testing a 50kW in-motion wireless charging system to support in-motion charging of vehicles on highways. The study considers electrical aspects in order to develop a scalable system that is compatible with different vehicle classes, identifies the civil engineering challenges to develop a design that can be embedded within the pavement easily while minimizing structural impacts, and explores the thermal design challenges of the system. The team is collaborating with AECOM’s Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering teams to develop a charging solution that is suitable to embed directly into the pavement.

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC: A Software/Hardware-Security Co-Design Approach

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC

In a DOE VTO funded project led by Virginia Tech and including Utah State University, Georgia Tech, ChargePoint, Ford, and Commonwealth Edison, the team is designing a cyber-physical security-hardened AC-DC super-fast charger and battery management systems including DC-DC converters that are capable of resisting false data and false actuation attacks by leveraging redundancy, diversity, and watermarking. The Utah State University and Virginia Tech partners are also collaborating on the cyber-physical security modeling of the AC-DC and DC-DC converters that can be extended to other application scenarios.

Transportation Infrastructure

Smart Power Roadway Pre-Pilot: Development of a 50kW in-motion wireless charging system

Smart Power Roadway Pre-Pilot

A team from USU, Purdue University, and University of Illinois is building and testing a 50kW in-motion wireless charging system to support in-motion charging of vehicles on highways. The study considers electrical aspects in order to develop a scalable system that is compatible with different vehicle classes, identifies the civil engineering challenges to develop a design that can be embedded within the pavement easily while minimizing structural impacts, and explores the thermal design challenges of the system. The team is collaborating with AECOM’s Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering teams to develop a charging solution that is suitable to embed directly into the pavement.

Mobility & Autonomy

 

Cyber Physical Security

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC: A Software/Hardware-Security Co-Design Approach

Enabling Secure and Resilient XFC

In a DOE VTO funded project led by Virginia Tech and including Utah State University, Georgia Tech, ChargePoint, Ford, and Commonwealth Edison, the team is designing a cyber-physical security-hardened AC-DC super-fast charger and battery management systems including DC-DC converters that are capable of resisting false data and false actuation attacks by leveraging redundancy, diversity, and watermarking. The Utah State University and Virginia Tech partners are also collaborating on the cyber-physical security modeling of the AC-DC and DC-DC converters that can be extended to other application scenarios.

SELECT industry partnerships enable forward-thinking research. Industry members, faculty, and students facilitate unique collaboration to explore and enable sustainable electric transportation technology solutions. Click on the links to explore current funded research projects across the campuses in each area.